Radio Controlled Models
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RCScrapyard Radio Controlled Models
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RC Radio

Servos
For Radio Controlled Models

RC Servo
Introduction

    Every form of RC has a Radio System, with at least one Servo. Choosing the right servo for your needs depends on a number of factors.

    The article below gives newcomers to RC some basic information, describing the more common servo types and what they are best used for, to give some insight and aid in Servo choice.













Servo Information
for Radio Controlled Model Enthusiasts

   Servos are found on all kinds of Radio Controlled Models. RC Touring Cars, Buggys, Trucks, Truggys, Monster Trucks, Rock Crawlers, Airplanes, Helicopters, Boats and Ships use servos to facilitate Steering, Throttle Control, Rudder Operation and Wing Flaps.

   For complete RC beginners, choosing the right servo can be confusing, so in this article are a few tips to point you in the right direction.

Plastic Gear Servos

Plastic Gear Servo    The cheap standard servos, with plastic ring type bearings (that are often supplied with kit packages), are fine when you first start in RC, but the majority of these servos have plastic or nylon gears that can break easily in the slightest collision. To protect your servo gears to some degree, make sure you have a good "servo saver".

Servo Savers

Servo Saver on FET Servo    Servo Savers come in a number of forms and are often included as standard on some RC Models. The best ones, in my opinion, are those that use a small spring to absorb the shock of the crash and are simply fitted in place of the servo horn.








Choosing the Right Servo for your needs


Plastic Vs Metal Gear Servos


Metal Gear Servo    For lightweight, small scale models, plastic geared servos are fine. But for medium to large scale RC models, I would recommend metal or titanium gear servos. These servos are by nature heavier and more costly than the plastic geared ones but are well worth the extra expense, for obvious reasons.

Digitally Controlled and FET Servos

   Digitally controlled Servos use a microprocessor based controller board. They are generally faster, provide better torque and centralise more accurately than the older Analogue types, but again at a higher cost.

FET Booster    In the early 1990s some of the more expensive Servos used separate FET Boosters to improve speed and efficiency, these had to be hard wired to the positive lead of the battery. It wasn't long before they were superseded as miniaturisation and FET technology advanced, incorporating the FET diodes within the Servo casing.

   As you advance in experience and skill, you might feel the need for something to match your lightning reflexes. Mos-FET, or simply FET Servos use Ball bearings and FET diodes to provide the high speed response you crave, but at a price. However, if your budget will stretch to the higher cost, the improvement in performance can make a big difference.








Servo Connectors


   One thing to be wary of when looking for a new servo, is the connector. Check the documentation of your Receiver or examine the sockets and compare them to the illustration on this page. Generally there are two types used for RC servos: Futaba "J" and JR "universal".

Servo Connector Types

Servo Connector Types    Futaba "J" have a small tab molded onto the side of the connector housing, designed to help you with the correct positioning of the positive and negative leads of your servo when plugging it into the Receiver. The JR "universal" provides the same help by using bevelled edges on their connector housings.







More Hints and Tips

   For more Radio Controlled Model Hints, Tips and Information, check out the list on the RCScrapyard Homepage. ▶ ▶














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